“By turning the handle, one could position the two hands to indicate for each day of the year the exact position of the Sun and Moon and a small sphere indicating the phase of the Moon. The mechanism was used to track the lunar calendar, 9. The Antikythera Mechanism was found by divers in 1901, and many died while performing the search. It was extremely complex. This ancient invention paints a very different picture of the ancient Greeks, giving us insight into ways in which they may have been far more advanced than we thought. It was discovered in the Antikythera … For more impressive engineering feats, be sure to stop by here. The instrument is believed to have been designed and constructed by Greek scientists and is dated between 60BC and 205BC. Documentary about the Antikythera Mechanism, a 2,000-year-old object now regarded as the world's oldest computer, found by divers excavating an ancient Roman shipwreck in 1901. Antikythera Mechanism discovered in shipwreck 115 years ago The find was retrieved from a shipwreck off the coast of the Greek island Antikythera more than a century ago. These were first built in Greece sometime in the first century BC. The wreck itself was found by sponge divers in April 1900 while looking for clams for a meal. posted by mhoye at 5:45 AM on December 15 [11 favorites] You may unsubscribe at any time. The Antikythera Mechanism was a marvelous ancient mechanism with more than 37 gears, 17 axis, and 8 pointers. and is 1,000 years more advanced than anything else found from that time One theory is that that ancient device was used as a type of timepiece, based on a geocentric view of the universe. The 2,000-year-old astronomical calculator could … By Anomalien.com. A rotating ball showed the phase of the Moon and dials on the back acted as a calendar and showed the timing of, 2. He added: “All the clues point to the same date, including the metallurgical analysis and especially the text analysis. It was discovered on a sunken Roman-era shipwreck near Antikythera island, situated between mainland Greece and Crete. “The form of the letters is typical of the period and the vocabulary used is found on all of the other texts of the same period. The Antikythera mechanism was impressively accurate, How accurate? The device is over 2,000 years old. One theory is that that ancient device was used as a type of timepiece, based on, nstead of hours and minutes, it displayed celestial time and had separate hands for the Sun, the Moon, and each of the five planets visible to the naked eye (Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn). As mentioned above, the device included an astrological face that includes pointers for the planets Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn, as well as the Moon. The narrator explained: "Amongst the sublime objects, divers found an intriguing bronze item about 20cm high, which began to disintegrate as soon as it was removed from the water. A 2,000-year-old computer? Please, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn, 7 Facts You Probably Didn't Know about Enzo Ferrari, Oldest Preserved Computer's User Manual Discovered, 27-Year-Old 'Oldest' Baby Is Almost as Old as Her Mom. It is believed that the planetary motion in the mechanism was accurate to one degree in 500 years. Let's get the most obvious fact out of the way. The front of the Antikythera Mechanism shows seven hands (sun, moon, five planets) and a double ring scale (outside: Egyptian calendar, inside: zodiac). In all, it’s astounding. The Antikythera Mechanism would not be appreciated for what it was until the late 1990s and early 2000s. It is important to understand that this theory is sole speculative because no one knows what else is out there waiting to be discovered. What do you think about the Antikythera mechanism? Figure 2. Home of the Daily and Sunday Express. The Antikythera Mechanism is one of the most mysterious and fascinating ancient inventions that the modern world has stumbled upon. Eventually, they would be convinced to believe their friend. ... How old is the 'computer'? He wrote: “The mechanism is like a great astronomical clock, or like a modern analogue computer which uses mechanical parts to save tedious calculation.”. It can be thought of as the first computer, The earliest analog "computers" were mechanical devices built for a particular task. 8. Inscriptions explained which stars rose and set on any particular date. Much later, the Antikythera Mechanism, to the amazement of scientists, would be revealed as, "The World's First Computer," built 2,000 years ago by a Greek genius. The Antikythera Mechanism, in speculation, is the world’s first analogical computer. The Antikythera Mechanism tracked planetary positions, predicted lunar and solar eclipses, and even signalled the next Olympic Games. It is believed that the device consisted of around 30 bronze gears organized inside a wooden container a little larger than a shoebox. Inscriptions explained which stars rose and set on any particular date. The rusty bronze fragments of the Antikythera Mechanism, the world's oldest computer, are 100 years older than scientists previously thought. The Antikythera Mechanism was discovered inside an ancient shipwreck by Greek sponge divers in 1901. The ancient astronomer lived on Rhodes and was one of the first thinkers to speculate that the Earth may revolve around the sun. We will use your email address only for sending you newsletters. However, we are getting ahead of ourselves. It was discovered on a sunken, The Roman-Era wreckage was submerged about, 4. The parts of the mechanism that have survived are seven large fragments and 75 small pieces, although it’s not entirely clear whether all of these small pieces belong to the mechanism. The Antikythera mechanism is the world’s first analogical computer, used by ancient Greeks to chart the movement of the sun, moon and planets, predict lunar and solar eclipses and even signal the next Olympic Games. ... How old is the 'computer'? This ancient invention was way ahead of its time. Antikythera Mechanism, proposing instead that it is a 354-day lunar calendar. “The handle was used to advance the pointer to determine when the next eclipse would occur and these operations were connected with the interlocking gears.". You might have heard that old adage that suggests that necessity is the mother of invention. Yes, that's right, … The ancient astronomer lived on Rhodes and was one of the first thinkers to speculate that the Earth may revolve around the sun. The device, housed in the remains of a wooden box, was found as one lump and later separated into three main fragments which are now divided into 82 separate pieces after conservation efforts. The divers reported their find to officials and eventually archeologist were sent to retrieve the artifacts from the wreck. The mechanism is only partially preserved and consists of 82 damaged fragments. It is believed that the device was created in some type of family workshop. Do you think there is more to this story? , there are some ancient inventions out there that have left the modern world dumbfounded. Today, we will take a look at some of the most important facts surrounding the Antikythera Mechanism. It's hard to understand how revolutionary a technology seventeen hundred years ahead of its time could have been, but we somehow lost it to secrecy, entropy and happenstance. The earliest known analog computer is the, Researchers have taken the time to imagine what the device may have looked like and have speculated on what the, The calendar on the mechanism uses names for the months that were used in Corinth and in northwest Greece, and a dial that indicates the timing of major festivals, lists, 7. Now we know it was antique even before it sank beneath the waves in a wrecked Roman ship. The Antikythera Mechanism, in speculation, is the world’s first analogical computer. Who would need such a device? Now, scientists believe they have cracked the centuries-old mystery of … However, a selection of great ancient minds and civilizations have gone far beyond what was required. What was its purpose? “From the first, scientists realised that this was a mechanism for astronomical data. Researchers initially had no idea what the device was meant for or how it worked. On Oct 18, 2019. As mentioned above, the device included an astrological face that includes pointers for the planets. In fact, it may be more accurate to think of it as an antique wooden clock. 11 Facts About the Antikythera Mechanism, the 2,000 Year Old Computer . When one of the original divers came up to tell the rest of his mates of his discovery; a wreckage that included corpses, artifacts, and horses, his friends thought he was hallucinating and had lost it. And although it took them many years to rescue the Antikythera Mechanism from the realm of UFOs, they succeeded in the end. In fact, it would be around 1,000 years before another analog device of a similar sophistication would emerge. 12 x 7.5 x 4 inches). Written in Koine Greek, the instructions likely included either instructions on how the device works or an explanation of what the user was seeing. A mechanical calculator that accurately plots the movement of heavenly bodies and predicts the dates of eclipses is discovered in an ancient shipwreck off the coast of Greece. “They applied these to the known astronomical cycles of antiquity and a reconstitution has been made.". Do you think there is more to this story? Antikythera Mechanism: 'World's First Computer' Is A Shocking 2,000 Years Old By Staff Reporter Nov 29, 2014 01:58 PM EST An ancient Greek clock-like mechanism dubbed the "world's first computer" was dated back to 205 B.C., making it about a century older than was previously believed. The Antikythera mechanism was used for more than just navigation. The divers who found it were out looking for sponges. The mechanism was used to track the lunar calendar, predict eclipses, and to chart the position and phases of the moon. 2020-08-02 G. Edward Griffin 13. It was a computer in the sense that the user could input a few simple variables and it would yield a flurry of complicated mathematical calculations. Others believe that the Antikythera mechanism may have been used at a school or a religious temple. The Antikythera mechanism. “In order to guarantee its exactitude, whatever the day or year chosen, a dial on the back shows the Metonic cycle – which reflects lunar and solar cycles over 19 years.".

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