If you’re able to start from scratch and establish a new lawn, you can get a head start on soil improvement by mixing in a thick layer of compost to your topsoil. It is less cold tolerant than Z. japonica, but it can be found as far north as Connecticut along the coast. In some climates, you may need to irrigate occasionally over the winter during extended dry periods. This will ensure you have killed the grass, and it will give weed seeds time to germinate and be sprayed, which helps to eliminate weeds in the future. The more cores you remove from the lawn, the more compost you can rake in later. From a distance, it may have the appearance of Fescue, except of course in the cooler months when it is dormant (unlike Bermuda grass, Zoysia never goes completely dormant). INSECT CONTROL. Lightly rake seeds into the top ¼” of soil. Short mowing heights generally keep crabgrass under control, because it never gets tall enough to go to seed. It is also the most expensive way to establish a new lawn, but giving your lawn the best start possible can cut down on maintenance costs in the long run. This cultivar has a sophisticated, manicured look, but it requires frequent mowing, consistent irrigation, and a detailed pest management and fertilization schedule. Recommended Reading:Why Is My Zoysia Lawn Turning Brown? I’d say go easy on the fertilizer, if ever. The Masters Lawn Care, Inc. is licensed by the State of Florida, bonded, and heavily insured for your protection. Good drainage is needed to remove excess water from low-lying areas. See Best Fertilizer For A Clay Soil Lawn: Why Ingredients Matter. Most bugs should be gone by the third application. However, if you do not change your maintenance practices at this point, leaf spot can melt out, which means the small lesions will grow and kill the blade. Water immediately after planting, and continue to water 4-5 times per day for the first few weeks. Aeration is the process of punching holes into the turf and sod to alleviate compaction. Chemical-free: The fall before planting, spread tarps or solid plastic film across your lawn and anchor them with stakes. You may need to wait until later in the year before you move on to step 2. Earlier planting dates will give the turf more time to fill in and create a deeper root system before winter. The best way to prevent brown patch is to avoid overwatering, and to irrigate first thing in the morning, to give the leaves time to dry off and prevent splashing the fungus onto healthy patches of grass. Zoysia is a beautiful, thick, deep green turf grass that is easy to maintain in the right climate. Clay soils either resist water or if they become saturated, they hold on to excess moisture for too long. Before planting, make sure you have an irrigation plan to maintain consistent moisture for at least 6 weeks. While Z. matrella is aggressive, and can choke out most weeds, it takes a few years for this turf to become established. So, what can be done for a zoysia grass lawn in the fall? Grass in shady, moist areas of the lawn grow much slower, so rust spores are able to infect blades of grass and spread to neighboring patches of grass. Over-fertilization in the spring can contribute to brown patch. The more you mow, the more you will trigger the roots to develop deep, dense root systems that will help them survive the winter. It is best to remove as much plant material as possible before moving on to step 3. If your lawn does have significant winter kill, you can plug your lawn after it breaks dormancy to help fill in bare patches. Zoysia grass grows best in USDA planting zones 6-11. Bermuda is an aggressive, low-growing grass that is nearly impossible to remove because it spreads through rhizomes, stolons, and seed. If these control methods do not resolve your rust problem, you can spray a fungicide on the affected areas. This prevents fungal infection. Large areas of zoysia grass or the entire lawn can be core aerified in late May or early June to help alleviate compaction and then plugged or sodded at the proper time (late May to early June in the St. Louis area). The 2 Key Factors Explained. Mow consistently, and fertilize in the summer to encourage faster growth. Option 1: Spread and bury the sprigs by hand. Cavalier grows into a thick, lush, deep green carpet. Depending on its variety, Zoysia grass will grow in well-drained soil with acidic to neutral pH. Fertilize the lawn when it is about 50% green. You can do your part to manage water usage, and keep your lawn. Spread a 3”-6” layer of compost over the soil and till it in. If you have an irrigation system, you will need to schedule 4-5 sessions each day that are long enough to get the soil wet, but not so long that water begins to run off and wash away the seed. You can use plugs to establish new lawns, or to fill in bare patches of an existing lawn. Mow weekly with sharp blades when the grass is dry. The leaves of this cultivar are so fine and soft that this is considered a barefoot grass. Once your sprigs are planted, you need to water them immediately. Irrigate less frequently, and make sure you are only watering in the mornings, to allow the blades time to dry out during the day. Unlike brown patch and rust, leaf spot is most common in dry lawns when the weather is hot during the day and cold at night. The best remedy for sandy, nitrogen-deficient soils is topdressing and leaving grass clippings on the lawn. She has an A.A.S. The only lawns where fescue might become a real problem is in areas where the winters are on the verge of being too cold for zoysia. It is a durable grass which can repair itself quickly and withstand heavy traffic. Dethatch, aerate, and topdress in the spring to build up a healthy soil that fights off infections and infestations. Fungal Diseases Zoysia grass is susceptible to a number of fungal diseases. Consult your garden center or county agent for the correct diagnosis and control treatments that are available. The basic fact about zoysia grass is that, unless it is grown in the right climate, it will cause more headaches than not. Zoysia planting can also be done in early fall, but make sure to plant at least 60 days before the first fall frost. Preventing Your Pet from Causing Urine Damage Water a patch of lawn after a dog urinates on it. If possible, use a reel mower (link to Amazon), and keep the lawn below 2” throughout the growing season. Contact: (352) 378-5296 | Info@TheMastersLawnCare.com | Privacy Policy. You do not have to till the soil into dust. It can grow a dense, thick carpet, but it lacks the underground runners, rhizomes, that help these grasses choke out other plants. Emerald Zoysia is a very fine textured grass. The dense growth pattern of zoysia grass, combined with mowing, will keep weeds at bay. It’s dense growth habit and aggressive growth habit allow it to heal from winter kill and heavy foot traffic if it has enough sunlight and moisture. In most cases, dead plant material is good for the soil. Sprigs will go from green to brown in the first few weeks; this is normal. Zoysia has a deep, strong root system that can penetrate compacted soils and withstand the drought stress that is a common side effect of clay soil. This reduces the active nitrogen available to the plant and slowly feeds it consistently as it’s greening up. Irrigate your lawn thoroughly the day before power raking. Use a low nitrogen slow release fertilizer to reduce the risk of burn and disease that often attacks lush succulent growth. Empire is chinch bug resistant, which makes it a good choice for lawns in the transition zone with very dry summers. Regular mowing, watering, and fertilizing as seen earlier are the best ways to prevent these problems. Dethatch in the spring after the first mowing. You should aerate only after you’re certain that you’re not in danger of frost. . Will Zoysia Choke Out Fescue? Follow the directions on the back of your seed bag to determine how much seed to plant. However, if you mow every 10-14 days, you’re more likely to leave long grass clippings that don’t break down as quickly. The downside to Diamond is that it is one of the most high-maintenance turf grass options for a lawn. Each variety has been bred into different strains with various colors, durability, pest-resistance, cold-hardiness, and textures. Preventative insecticides will help keep grub populations under control, and most other pests are easy to identify and treat on an as-needed basis. Learn more from our article Will Zoysia Choke Out Crabgrass? Zoysia thrives in average soils. It isn't that it needs less water than St. Augustine lawns or that it stays green longer than St. Augustine, either. Meyer is one of the more popular strains of Z. japonica due to its vigorous growth habit and rich, deep green color. Lawns with adequate sunlight, irrigation, and fertilization will grow enough to be mowed weekly, which removes the spores before they can do any damage. Dense, clay soil can hold on to large amounts of nitrogen due to the fact that water cannot drain freely into the subsoil. Reel mowers are the only way to cut extremely low lawns. Quick-release fertilizers may result in a few weeks of sudden growth, but this only attracts pests and diseases without encouraging long-term results. As a soil becomes more dense, it is able to hold on to more nutrients, especially nitrogen. While most Z. japonica cultivars can only be propagated vegetatively, there are some cultivars that can be grown from seed. The closer you space plugs, the faster your lawn will fill in. Zoysia should not be aerated in the fall because it goes dormant. For centipede, St. Augustine, fescue and bluegrass lawns, there is no need to dethatch. Zoysia can grow in poor soils with low fertility. Rust looks like a rusty, powdery coating on a patch of grass. To control an existing billbug population, spray an insecticide that targets the adult beetles just after sunset, when they are most active. If some plants have already gone to seed, bag the grass clippings when you mow to prevent spreading the seeds across your lawn. Just keep watering. Zoysia is a dense turf, and with inconsistent mowing, it can build up a thick thatch layer. Spring and fall damage is usually caused by adults, while summer damage is caused by larvae. Zeon is a deep green, soft turf with vigorous growth. While rust is rarely a real danger to your lawn, it is unsightly and it can get out of hand in humid climates. With valid and proven claims of chinch bug-resistance and drought tolerance, even strict homeowner's associations like Haile Zoysia prefers hot summers and mild winters. Belair is good for lawns in the transition zone and shady lawns in the deep south. They hold shape, but can’t be molded. Spring aerating is best. Crabgrass is an annoying, creeping, annual grass that can quickly invade lawns, flower beds, and vegetable gardens. The best way to prevent dying, brown patches of grass in any lawn is to follow the proper maintenance schedule and to continue to build up a … – When you cut the grass, don’t ever cut more than 1/3 of the grass. Bermuda does not tolerate shade, so taller mowing heights may reduce the spread, but it’s not very effective. If you live in a humid climate, you may only need to irrigate a few times during the summer. The 2 Key Factors Explained. Plugs fill in faster than sprigs, so this may only take a few weeks depending on the initial spacing. To learn more read Will Zoysia Choke Out Fescue? If you find them, spray at 2-week intervals with a selective insecticide. If you feel that your irrigation system isn't functioning properly, we would love to schedule a $95 One-Hour Irrigation Tune-up with Mike, our sprinkler technician. If you have a large infestation, apply an insecticide at the rate and frequency directed by the pesticide manufacturer. Test ( link to Amazon ), and vegetable gardens route you wish to take, gradually. And climates as long as your temperatures are in late spring ( once chances. 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