African Crested Porcupine is an herbivore that eats bark, bones of dead animals, roots, tubers, rhizomes, bulbs, fallen fruits, and cultivated crops. Her favorite rewards are sweet potatoes, oranges, and the occasional scratch on the chin! They are solitary foragers, taking long trips of up to 15 km each night. The African crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is the largest porcupine in the world. Their diet consists of tubers, bark, bulbs, fruit, and roots and they can travel up to … They weigh approximately 50 lbs. Commercial entiti… African porcupines are largely herbivorous, digging out bulbs, roots and tubers with their strong claws. Their quills have bacteria, which is extremely dangerous for other animals, and can be fatal once getting into their blood. They mate in November-December. Diet: Variety of plants, roots, and fruit. The crested porcupine is an Old World porcupine inhabiting Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa named for its impressive and defensive crest of 35 centimeter-long quills. In rural areas, they may eat cultivated crops, such as groundnuts, potatoes, pumpkins and melons. They live together sharing an elaborate burrow system, which they may remain in during winter, although they do not undergo true hibernation. The world's largest porcupine, this rodent exhibits black and white quills along its head. Become a Sponsor and connect with our animals in a personal way. Diet and Nutrition. Diet. Sexual maturity is reached before getting the adult weight, within 1 - 2 years old. They are also hunted for their quills, used as ornaments and talismans. updated March mammals potter par oo ocent manual 17 RangeHabitat Southern Sahara to southern Africa, excluding the Congo rain forest beltGrassy plains, savannas, and semi-deserts Diet (wild) Hoof stock and virtually anything they can subdue. Despite being a solitary forager, they live in small family groups consisting of an adult pair with their young. The young are born in a special chamber, located in their burrow system and lined with grass. lignivore; eats sap or other plant foods Primary Diet; herbivore. The solid and sharp quills, covering the body of this animal, serve as a mean of self-defense against predators and are 35 cm (14 in) in length, displaying alternating light and dark stripes. Populations in both Europe and Africa attract hunters for their meat, which is a delicacy in some countries of North and West Africa. It uses its paws to hold food while eating and it will keep an assortment of bones in its burrow to knaw on. Habitat. The majority of the diet of our African crested porcupines in the park is made up of fresh vegetables but they also have access to specialist biscuit pellets which give these rodents something hard to chew on, keeping their sharp teeth in check. Due to the well-developed sense of hearing, these animals are able to hear fruit drop from a tree up to several yards away. Crested porcupines have high crowned teeth with plane chewing surfaces for grinding plant cells that are then digested in the stomach (Grzimek 1990). Cape Porcupine Facts. The young leave home for the first time at about two weeks of age, as their quills — soft at birth — begin to harden. Mostly herbivorous, this rodent forages long distances in search of food and lives and breeds in underground burrows in monogamy. Interesting Facts: • Like other rodents, they have a single pair of sharp, continually growing incisor teeth that they use to gnaw and rip tough plant material. The cape porcupine is named for the crest of white-tipped bristles around its neck. However; porcupines are not related to pigs, they are actually rodents. Although they have been found at altitudes of 11,480 feet on Mount Kilimanjaro, they are not found in dry, empty deserts or damp forests. As opposed North American porcupines, quills of these animals aren't barbed. The African crested porcupine lives in hilly, rocky habitats in Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa and Italy. The North African crested porcupine is monogamous. These animals often travel long distances looking for food. Between one and four young are born in the grass-lined burrow. To ingest calcium and sharpen incisors, they often gnaw on bones. Due to consuming cultivated crops and gnawing on plantation trees, these rodents are persecuted and poisoned with bait by farmers as a pest species. As a young child, I was always fascinated by their quills, but it never once crossed my mind that you could bond with them or create mutual relationships. Cape porcupines are also known to gnaw on bones for calcium as well as in order to sharpen their incisors. Weighing in at approximately 30 pounds and others reaching up to 60, they are the 3rd largest rodent in the world. The quills of this rodent are so sharp, that the animal can injure lions, leopards, hyenas and humans. Web Design & Development: Chicago Digital, Wildlife Waystation is a 501 (c) (3) nonprofit organization. The porcupine does not shoot its quills at predators; rather, it sheds them on impact so that they become imbedded in an attacker. Their quill lengths vary on different parts of the body, anywhere from 1” to 12” on their back. In captivity, fruits and veggies should be their staple diet. Porcupine Quills. New world porcupines tend to have shorter quills which you could describe as barbs rather than spines Porcupines eat tubers, bark, bulbs, fallen fruit and bark and have been reported to eat carrion times. Evolve through advances in scientific knowledge pigs, they are agile in water, being exceptionally good swimmers staple.! California 91342-5999 ( 818 ) -899-8702 h the world 's largest porcupines Terrace, 91342-5999! 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